Category Archives: Photo Tips

Rule of Thirds

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The theory is that if you place points of interest in the intersections or along the lines that your photo becomes more balanced and will enable a viewer of the image to interact with it more naturally.

The rule of thirds is applied by aligning a subject with the guide lines and their intersection points, placing the horizon on the top or bottom line, or allowing linear features in the image to flow from section to section.

Studies have shown that when viewing images that people’s eyes usually go to one of the intersection points most naturally rather than the center of the shot – using the rule of thirds works with this natural way of viewing an image rather than working against it.

Using the Rule of Thirds comes naturally to some photographers but for many of us takes a little time and practice for it to become second nature.
East River Manhattan

In learning how to use the rule of thirds (and then to break it) the most important questions to be asking of yourself are:

What are the points of interest in this shot?
Where am I intentionally placing them?

Rule of thirds can also apply when you are editing images in Photoshop.rule of thirds

What is Film Speed or ISO ?

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Film speed is the camera film or digital camera sensor’s sensitivity to light.The lower the number, the less sensitive to light. The higher the number, the more sensitive to light .The lower the ISO ( film speed ) the better quality pictures you get. The higher the ISO ( Film Speed), the lower quality of images because of image noises. There is an exception with the new high ISO speed sensitivity from the new Canon and Nikon digital camera models ( Nikon D800 and Canon 80D, Mark 3)
ISO Scale film speeds

Which film speed to use for a particular type of lighting.

100-200 ISO – Bright daylight and bright overcast days, Flash Photography Indoors & Outdoors. For shooting outdoor portraits with shallow depth of field.

400-800 ISO – Medium speed film for overcast or outdoor images in shade, Natural lighted window portraits. Use when shooting with a long telephoto lens. 800 speed is good for shooting fast moving objects in low light

1600-3200 ISO – High speed film. For shooting interior scenes with some lighting ( restaurants, night clubs, most homes and offices. Shooting without a tripod. Useful speed for shooting long telephoto lenses ( 200 mm and longer ). Popular speed for shooting sports events ( late afternoon & early evening ).

3200-6440 – For shooting very low light in indoor events, street night photography. Best DSLR cameras for this types of shooting are the latest Nikon, Canon, and Pentax DSLR cameras. Canon Rebel 5XTI and Pentax K3 are good with this types of shooting

 

What is shutter speed and when to use it ?

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30 secs – 1 sec – For shooting twilight & night photography scenes with a tripod
1 sec – 1/15 sec – For creating movement effect ( blur ) in shooting waterfalls, water scenes in a landscape
1/15 – 1/60 sec – For shooting interior club scenes, restaurant interiors, home lighting
1/30 – 1/125 sec – For shooting portraits with natural light and existing lighting..For shooting with flash. Shooting outdoor scenes in bright and natural light.
1/250- 1/1000 sec – For shooting moving objects ,people and cars in bright lighting conditions, Beach scenes.
1/1000- 1/8000 sec. – For capturing car races, sporting events like tennis, basketball, football, winter sports.

shutter speed principle

Photo Tip: Use Shutter Priority Button when shooting fast moving objects. Aperture will adjust automatically. TO get best depth of field or background in focus stay at a minimum aperture of F8 or F11. This will require shooting at 1600 ISO and higher.

shutter speed